Oats are an herbaceous and annual plant belonging to the Gramineae family. It has an erect, slightly branched, herbaceous and hollowed stem, the root is fasciculate, the inflorescence is shaped in a panicle, cluster of spikelets of two or three flowers located on long peduncles, alternate leaves, paralel veins, lanceolate and sheath. The fruit is a grain called caryopsis.
It is a plant that grows during the cold season, not very demanding on the soil, prefers growing in deep, clay-sandy soil which is rich in organic matter. The pH range for its cultivation is between 5 and 7 and is very demanding in water consumption.
Scientific name: Avena sativa L.
The main pests of oat are: Diloboderus abderus and Cyclocephala flavipennis.
The main fungi diseases of oat are: Gaeumanomyces graminis, Fusarium sp, Rhizoctonia sp, Phytophtora sp, Sclerotinia spp, Helminthosporium/Bipolaris spp. y Pyrenophora/Drechslera spp, Ustilago levis, Ustilago tritici, Puccinia coronifera, Puccinia graminis, Leptosphaeria maculans and Septoria apiicola.