Scientific name: Mangifera indica L.
Mango is a native specie to Southeast Asia and belongs to the family Anacardiaceae. It is a perennial plant, the leaves are between elliptic and lanceolate, simple, whole, alternate and arranged in a spiral. Inflorescence in panicle, pentameter, male and hermaphrodite flowers, the fruit is a drupe of variable shape and color, with a single large seed, with an embryo (monoembryonic) or several (polyembryonic), has a pivotal root and a Secondary root system surfaces.
The optimum area of cultivation is situated on the 36 ° latitude. It is a rustic plant, which can thrive in sandy soils up to very clayey, tolerant to calcareous soils and with optimum pH for its cultivation of up to 8 units.
The main pests of mango are: Anastrepha oblicua, Selenothrips rubrocinctus, Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis, Ceratitis capitata and Toxoptera aurantii.
The mean diseases of mango are:Colletotrichum gloesporioide, Elsinoe mangifera, Oidium mangiferae, Ceratocystis fimbriata and Rosellinia sp.