Scientific name: Curcubita pepo L.
Zucchini is a native vegetable to the Americas. Its formed by an herbaceous stem, which is very branched and has a determined growth. Pivoting and highly developed root. The leaves are large, their colour is dark green, often have whitish colorations, with serrated edges and long petioles. The flowers are either male or female. The female flower has an infertile ovary. They are actinomorphic, large, with a flared form and yellow color. The fruit is a berry called pepo whose shape is oblong.
It is an heliophite plant, whose optimum development temperature is between 25-35ºC. it has a very high water demand, its medium is resistant to salinity and the optimum pH of this cultivation is between 5.5 and 8.
The main pests of zucchini are: Trialeurodes vaporariorum, Tetranychus urticae, Aphis gossipy, Myzus persicae, Agrotis sp, Melontha, Frankliniella occidentalis, Liriomyza trifolii, Spodoptera litoralis, Heliotis armígera, Heliotis peltigera, Chrysodeisis chalcites, Autographa gamma, Heterodera, Melolontha melolonta.
The main fungi diseases of zucchini are: Erysiphe cichoracearum, Colletotrichum lagenarium, Fusarium sp, Verticillium sp, Botrytis cinérea, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Erwinia carotovora.
The main viral diseases of zucchini are: ZYMV, SqMV, CMV,WMV-2 and CVYV.