7 March, 2017

APPLE-TREE

Scientific name: Malus domestica L.

Taxonomy

The apple tree is a deciduous tree belonging to the Rosaceae family. It has a pivotal root with secondary roots wich have root hairs. The leaves are ovals, with the edges serrated, the colour is dark green, are glabrous by the beam and pubescent by the underside. The flowers are hermaphrodites, pentamers and has an infertile ovary. The fruit is a pomo with a globose shape.

It requires well-drained sandy-loam soils with a pH range of 6.5-8. It adapts well to cold climates, being able to withstand temperatures below -10ºC without affecting production.

 

Enfermedades

The main diseases of apple tree are: Venturia inaequalis, Podosphaera leucotricha, Venturia pyrina, Venturia inaequialis, Fusicladium eriobrotryae, Mycophaerella pyri, Phytophthora spp, Armillaria mellea y Rosellinia necatrix, Erwinia amylovora, Pseudomonas syringae and Agrobacterium tumefaciens.

Plagas

The main pests of apple tree are: Aphis pomi, Epitrimerus pyri, Cydia pomonella, Cydia molesta, Pandemis heparana, Cacocimorpha pronubana, Zeuzera pyrina, Cossus cossus, Synanthedon myopaeformis, Dysaphis plantaginea, Dysaphis pyri, Aphis pomi, Eriosoma lanigerum, Aphanostigma pyri, Cacopsylla pyri, Ceratitis capitata and Xyleborus dispar.