7 March, 2017

OLIVE-TREE

 Scientific name: Olea europea L.

Taxonomy

The olive tree is a tree of the Oleaceae family. The first signs of olive tree presence in Spain begin with the Roman dominion, although its production begins at the hands of the Arabs in Andalusia. It is a rustic crop, like the almond tree, which requires warm climates, tolerates moderately frost, salinity and limestone soils. It has leaves in decocted layout, simple, whole, lanceolate and dark green. Inflorescence in panicle, is hermaphrodite, tetrameric, super ovary, small style, bilobed and papillary stigma. Its fruit is a bicarpelar drupe.

 

Diseases

The main diseases of Olive-tree are: Cycloconium oleaginum, Pseudomonas savastanoi, Gloesporium olivarum, Vecticillum dalhiaeCamarosporium dalmaticum, Psudocercospora cladosporioide) and Phlyctema vagabunda.

Viral diseases

The main viral diseases of Olive-tree are: CMV, SLRSV and CLRV.

Pests

The main pests of Olive-tree are: Dacus oleae, Liothrips oleae, Prays oleae, Coenorrhinus cribipennis, Sphaeropsis dalmática, Gleosporium olivarumAlternaria tenuis, Saissetia oleae, Phloeotribus scarabaeoides Bern, Bractrocera oleae, Euzophera pingüins, Margaronia unionalis, Euphyllura olvina, liothrips oleae, Othiorrhynchus cribricollis, Parlatoria oleaeLepidosaphes ulmi, Aceria oleae, Melolontha papposa, Ceramida cobosi and Clinodiplosis oleisuga.